Ivan Akhimovich Maltsov was happy in his marriage.
His wife was Kapitolina Mikhailovna Vysheslavtseva,
one of the first Moscow beauties. Here is the
history of their meeting and love. Ivan Akhimovich
her in "Yusupov Garden" where she was
strolling with a curly-headed dark-complexioned
boy. The stranger turned
out to be Kapitolina Mikhailovna, the wife of
V.L.Pushkin, a well-known poet at that time. The
boy Sasha was
the future great poet A.S.Pushkin. God's ways
being inscruitable, Kapitolina Mikhailovna married
Ivan Akhimovich in 1806.
Maltsov home in Simeiz
At the border between the XIX and XX centuries
Simeiz, a constantly popular health-resort, belonged
to the Maltsovs. There is a legend, connected with
the puchase of this health-resort. In 1828 I.A.Maltsov
was travelling in the Crimea with A.S.Griboedov. While
swimming in the sea, the young manufacturer lost
his wedding ring and was profoundly upset by it. Following
A.S.Griboedov's advice, I.A.Maltsov bought 30
(81 acres) of land on the shore, where the ring
had been lost. Thus, the ring was believed to
a property of its owner.
Nikolay S. Maltsov, 1849-1939.
The history of the foundation of the Simeiz observatory
is connected with name of S.I.Maltsov's son,
Nikolai Sergeevich. Being interested in sciences,
especially in astronomy, Nikolai Sergeevich built
astrophysic observatory to study stars in the
sky. It was in the Crimea in 1900. Having made
of A.P.Ganski, a well-known scientist from Pulkovo,
N.S.Maltsov presented the Pulkovo observatory
own. One of the first small planets-asteroids,
identified in the Crimea, was called "Maltsovia"
in honour of N.S.Maltsov.
Among the wonderful things, made at the Dyatkovo
crystal plant in the XIX century, there is a jar-fridge.
To look at, it is an ordinary jar. Only on the
side of its handle there is a droplike pocket
with a wide
mouth, which leads into the jar. Ice is put into
it and the jar is filled with a liquid (kvass,
or any other). As a result we receive an easy
to handle, compact and ecologically harmless,
portable refrigerator for beverages.
Jar-fridge. XIX century.
Sergei Ivanovich Maltsov was a man who was fond
of playing tricks on his guests. One of his favourite
tricks was the following: a jar was served on
the table; inside, it was divided into four sections,
each containing a different beverage. The party in full
swing, the hospitable host Maltsov suggested filling
goblets with beverages from the four-sectioned jar. The
guests tried to get beverages out of it by bending
the jar оr turning it upside down, but no liquid came
out of it. The secret was quite simple: a straw
been put into the mouth of the required section,
and the liquid easily flowed out of the jar into
Four-sectioned jar. XIX
Sergei Ivanovich Maltsov, the owner of the Dyatkovo
crystal plant, was one of the most prominent figures
in the Russian industry of the XIX century. He
often invited foreign specialists to work at his
of them was a master from Germany whose name was
Petuff. This German word sounds like the Russian
meaning 'a cock'. As a result, glass masters from
Dyatkovo called their German colleague 'petukh',
This German master was very skilful in making
narrow-mouthed vessels with apples on their bottoms.
the reason why Maltsov thought high of him. But
one day Dyatkovo masters played a joke on the
German. In front
of Maltsov they presented him with a narrow-mouthed
jar with a very amusing cock on its bottom. Knowing
Russian well enough, the German understood the sense
of the joke, but being a man with a good sense
he heartily joined the laughter of the Russian
masters and praised their work.
A unique event in the history of money circulation
in Russia was the appearance of private paper
on the territory of the Maltsovs' domain in the
sixties of the XIX century. The money nomination
was 1, 2, 3 and 5 roubles. It was used in trading operations
alongside with state banknotes for many years.
Maltsov enjoyed such a trust that his money was
valid and used in trading operations even in the
The present to V.I.Lenin
In 1919 three workers from the crystal plant
were sent to the Kremlin to present V.I.Lenin
produce of the plant. The presents were: a Constitution-book
made of crystal, flower vases with the portraits
of K.Marx, F. Engels and K. Liebknecht, a jar,
two tumbler for pens and an ink-pot. V.I.Lenin
had a talk with
the workers. He called the objects made by crystal
workers "wonderful things". The presents
of Dyatkovo masters are kept in the funds of V.I. Lenin's museum.
First cosmonaut in Dyatkovo.
In May 1966 Dyatkovo and the crystal plant were
visited by the world first cosmonaut Yu.A.Gagarin.
honourable guest was presented with a symbolic
key to the town. Yu.A.Gagarin wrote his testimony
in the book
for prominent guests on visiting the museum of
the crystal plant.