The Dyatkovo crystal production has been developing
for over 200 years and it can boast of a rich
history. The factory was started by the famous
Russian manufacturers Maltsovs in 1790. A big
variety of goods,
beginning with the most common household articles
like tumblers, wine-glasses, goblets, decanters,
up to sets of crystalware and unique articles
of architectural decoration, have gained wide
are very popular both in Russia and abroad.
In late eighties of the XVIII century the area
of Dyatkovo was purchased by Maria Vasilievna
Maltsova, a gentlewoman. She founded a crystal
factory in Dyatkovo in 1790. Some more glass factories
were subsequently built nearby.
Dyatkovo crystal factory.
That was the origin of the Maltsov huge industrial
empire, which by the mid-nineteenth century included
dozens of different enterprises, located in the
Oryol, Kaluga and Smolensk gubernias (provinces).
and development of the Dyatkovo crystal plant
predetermined the subsequent destiny of the small
Dyatkovo, which turned into a large rural centre
after the Transfiguration Cathedral was put up
there in 1810.
Started as a small manufacture, the Dyatkovo crystal
factory had grown into one of the biggest glass
enterprises of Russia by the end of the XIX century.
Dyatkovo Crystal Plant.
The end of the XIX century.
Labour conditions at the factory had always been
extreme and hard. The temperature of 1000 degrees
achieved by burning firewood. Predominating in
the production were; unbearable heat at the furnaces,
gaspolluted air in the shops, lung-blowing of produce
items, prevalence of manual work at every stage
of a most
elaborate technology process. A lot of children
and teen-agers worked side by side with grown-ups
shops of the factory.
Gradually a collective of experienced and skilled
masters took shape at the factory. Professional
secrets were often relayed from generation to
The idea "To Any Taste" became the
motto of the factory. To prove it, a lot of inexpensive
a very wide range were produced there alongside
with very complex and expensive sets, sets of
items made by
hand, details of architectural decoration for
cathedrals and palaces.
The goblet. The middle
of the XIX century.
The glass from Dyatkovo has always been distinguished
by high artistic qualities, strict harmony of
forms and decorum, purity and a perfect quality
of decoration. A rich experience of artistic culture,
accumulated by a number of generations, has been
summed up, concentrated and has received a specific
interpretation in the works of contemporary masters-
executors and skillers. The magic art of Dyatkovo
masters of crystal has
constantly been rewarded with prizes and enthusiastic
appreciation of consumers.
In the XIX century masters of crystal from Bryansk
more than once made sets for 200 persons for the
residences. These sets were assigned to be used
with china and faience sets, bearing the National
the Winter Palace, in Tsarskoye Selo, on Yelagin
Isle and in Gatchina. Moreover, even today top-rank
the Kremlin are served with the Dyatkovo crystalware.
The set "For Banquets"
In 1952 a big multi-itemed set "for Banquets"
was produced at the factory for the first time.
was the young, at that time, artist Yevgraph Sergeevich
Shuvalov. Later he became a People's Artist of
Repin State prize-winner. The work was done by
the order of the USSR Council of Ministers.
The set "For Banquets" has inevitably
evoked people's delight due to its harmonic perfection:
delicacy of forms and filigree of sparkling diamond
sides. And then its magic tinkling! No similar
distinguished by crystal purity and velvety tunefulness
has been achieved in numerous experiments made
in Russia and abroad. The set "For Banquets"
is produced at the USO "Dyatkovo Crystal"
at present. An ideal composition of the classic Russian crystal best traditions
lies at the base of this remarkable phenomenon.
For many a decade the set "For Banquets"
has been constantly popular in the market.
The USO "Dyatkovo Crystal" is a modern,
dynamically developing enterprise. It provides
produce of a most
wide range of crystalwares. The enterprise closely
cooperates with consumers and deliverers, extending
its market. The Dyatkovo crystal plant plunges into
the third millennium with assurance of its successful
perspectives. This optimistic assurance is guaranteed
and based on our rich artistic traditions, high
qualification of the staff, both masters and artist-designers,
today's rates of the production development and
all the glorious history of the enterprise overlapping
the period of two centuries.